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MIGRATION AND CO-EXISTENCE 2: MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT

浦元 義照/URAMOTO YOSHITERU

全学共通科目

2016年度/Academic Year   秋学期/AUTUMN

講義概要

The UN defines an international migrant a person who stays outside their usual country of residence for at least one year. The world stock of international migrants is estimated 232 million (or 3 % of the world population) in 2013 (UN DESA). With the advancement of ITC technologies and unprecedented expansion of transport networks throughout the world, international migration became easier than ever. It is no longer kept secret that many parts of the world are faced with lack of employment opportunities, growing population, political crisis, armed conflicts, poor economy, and inadequacy of social services. With modern internet communication, mass media and mobile phone, such disparity is quickly known to the rest of the world fueling frustration. Informal networks of migrant workers and diaspora would add an intricate and credible source of information that could greatly facilitate the migration. Furthermore business seizes opportunities to develop a burgeoning industry out of migration. Economic benefits of migration through remittances add great value to migration. According to some analysis, formal remittance now represents the 2nd largest transfer of any legal commodities worldwide, after oil. In 2012, according to the World Bank, the total remittances in the world amounted to at least US$500 billion, enough to boost demand and GDP in receiving countries. They are almost 3 times the value of total ODA and charities. Actual amount of remittances are considered to be double the official figure.

Many of those crossing borders fell into the hands of increasingly sophisticated people-trafficking gangs. The large share of female migrants is a significant characteristic of the current migration. They often work as health care providers, domestic workers and sex workers.

The human migration is critical global issues that affect people. How could labour migration be effectively managed for further development of the world economy? What regulatory framework should be developed in order to protect them from abuse? How could the social protection measures be extended for those migrant labourers? What can the governments, civil society, non-government organisations, and international organisations do to prevent refugees and displaced population and protect them?

What are the policy options? Throughout the course inequality, social justice and protection of individual citizens will be the crosscutting themes. Specific subjects of the course include: (1) dimensions and dynamics of international migration, (2) globalisation and labour migration, (3) remittances and development, (4) highly skilled migrants and inter-corporate transferees, (4) migration industry, (5) irregular migration and labour rights and protection, (6) migrants, diasporas and transnational communities, and (7) future of international migration.

使用テキスト

著者名/Authors:ILO Country Office, Bangladesh
書名/Title:Promoting Cooperation for safe migration and decent work
出版社・出版年/Publisher.Year:ILO Country Office Bangladesh, 2014

著者名/Authors:ILO Regional Office for Asia and Pacific and Asian Development Bank (ADB)
書名/Title:ASEAN Community 2015: Managing integration for better jobs and shared prosperity
出版社・出版年/Publisher.Year:ILO Regional Office for Asia and Pacific and Asian Development Bank (ADB), 2014

著者名/Authors:De Haas, Hein
書名/Title:Migration and Development: A Theoretical Perspective. International Migration Review. 44(1), pp. 227-264
出版社・出版年/Publisher.Year:2010

参考書

著者名/Authors:Stephen Castles
書名/Title:“Understanding Global Migration: A Social Transformation Perspective.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 36(10), pp. 1565-1586.
出版社・出版年/Publisher.Year:2010

著者名/Authors:Massey, Douglas et al.
書名/Title:Return to Aztlan: The Social Process of International Migration from Western Mexico.
出版社・出版年/Publisher.Year:Berkeley: University of California Press.1987.

著者名/Authors:Curran, Sara.
書名/Title:“Migration and Development: Virtuous and Vicious Cycles.” In Gregory Hooks ed. Handbook of Development Sociology
出版社・出版年/Publisher.Year:2015

講義スケジュール

  講義内容 講義ノート 講義ビデオ ランク
1 Introduction: dimensions and dynamics of international migration
2 globalisation and labour migration (Asia)
3 remittances and development (Migration and Asia Pacific)
Guest Speaker: TBD
4 Case Study: National Migration Policy and highly skilled migrants
Guest Speaker: Professor Piyasiri Wickramasekara, Vice President, Global Migration Policy Associates, Geneva
5 migration industry
6 undocumented migration, labour rights and protection
7 migrants, diasporas and transnational communities,
8 Mid-term
9 Group Discussion: discuss the case study material in groups with TAs
10 Panel Discussion with Guest Speakers
11 Special Lecture by Distinguished Speaker
12 Group Work: preparing for presentation with TAs at the library
13 Presentations—3 groups
14 Presentations—3 groups